On this day — September 12

Date

September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 110 days remain until the end of the year.

Events

  • 490 BCBattle of Marathon: The conventionally accepted date for the Battle of Marathon. The Athenians and their Plataean allies defeat the first Persian invasion force of Greece.[1]
  • 372Sixteen Kingdoms: Jin Xiaowudi, age 10, succeeds his father Jin Jianwendi as Emperor of the Eastern Jin dynasty.
  • 1185 – Emperor Andronikos I Komnenos brutally put to death in Constantinople.
  • 1213Albigensian Crusade: Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, defeats Peter II of Aragon at the Battle of Muret.
  • 1229Battle of Portopí: The Aragonese army under the command of James I of Aragon disembarks at Santa Ponça, Majorca, with the purpose of conquering the island.
  • 1309 – The First Siege of Gibraltar takes place in the context of the Spanish Reconquista pitting the forces of the Kingdom of Castile against the Emirate of Granada resulting in a Castilian victory.
  • 1609Henry Hudson begins his exploration of the Hudson River while aboard the Halve Maen.
  • 1634 – A gunpowder factory explodes in Valletta, Malta, killing 22 people and damaging several buildings.
  • 1683Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna: Several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1762 – The Sultanate of Sulu ceded Balambangan Island to the British East India Company
  • 1814Battle of North Point: an American detachment halts the British land advance to Baltimore in the War of 1812.
  • 1846Elizabeth Barrett elopes with Robert Browning.
  • 1847Mexican–American War: the Battle of Chapultepec begins.
  • 1848 – A new constitution marks the establishment of Switzerland as a federal state.
  • 1857 – The SS Central America sinks about 160 miles east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, drowning a total of 426 passengers and crew, including Captain William Lewis Herndon. The ship was carrying 13–15 tons of gold from the California Gold Rush.
  • 1885Arbroath 36–0 Bon Accord, a world record scoreline in professional Association football.
  • 1890Salisbury, Rhodesia, is founded.
  • 1897Tirah Campaign: In the Battle of Saragarhi, ten thousand Pashtun tribesmen suffer several hundred casualties while attacking 21 Sikh soldiers in British service.
  • 1906 – The Newport Transporter Bridge is opened in Newport, South Wales by Viscount Tredegar.
  • 1910 – Premiere performance of Gustav Mahler‘s Symphony No. 8 in Munich (with a chorus of 852 singers and an orchestra of 171 players. Mahler’s rehearsal assistant conductor was Bruno Walter).
  • 1915 – French soldiers rescue over 4,000 Armenian Genocide survivors stranded on Musa Dagh.
  • 1923Southern Rhodesia, today called Zimbabwe, is annexed by the United Kingdom.
  • 1933Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives the idea of the nuclear chain reaction.
  • 1938 – Adolf Hitler demands autonomy and self-determination for the Germans of the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.
  • 1940Cave paintings are discovered in Lascaux, France.
  • 1940 – An explosion at the Hercules Powder Company plant in Kenvil, New Jersey kills 51 people and injures over 200.
  • 1942World War II: RMS Laconia, carrying civilians, Allied soldiers and Italian POWs is torpedoed off the coast of West Africa and sinks with a heavy loss of life.
  • 1942 – World War II: First day of the Battle of Edson’s Ridge during the Guadalcanal Campaign. U.S. Marines protecting Henderson Field are attacked by Japanese troops.
  • 1943 – World War II: Benito Mussolini is rescued from house arrest by German commando forces led by Otto Skorzeny.
  • 1944 – World War II: The liberation of Yugoslavia from Axis occupation continues. Bajina Bašta in western Serbia is among the liberated cities.
  • 1945 – The People’s Republic of Korea is proclaimed, bringing an end to Japanese rule over Korea.[2]
  • 1948 – Marshal Lin Biao, commander-in-chief of the Chinese communist Northeast Field Army, launched a massive offensive toward Jinzhou, Liaoshen Campaign has begun.
  • 1952 – Strange occurrences, including a monster sighting, take place in Flatwoods, West Virginia.
  • 1953 – U.S. Senator and future President John Fitzgerald Kennedy marries Jacqueline Lee Bouvier at St. Mary’s Church in Newport, Rhode Island.
  • 1958Jack Kilby demonstrates the first working integrated circuit while working at Texas Instruments.
  • 1959 – The Soviet Union launches a large rocket, Lunik II, at the moon.
  • 1959 – Bonanza premieres, the first regularly scheduled TV program presented in color.
  • 1961 – The African and Malagasy Union is founded.
  • 1962 – President Kennedy delivers his “We choose to go to the Moon” speech at Rice University.
  • 1966Gemini 11, the penultimate mission of NASA’s Gemini program, and the current human altitude record holder (except for the Apollo lunar missions).
  • 1970Dawson’s Field hijackings: Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan, continuing to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman.
  • 1974 – Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia, ‘Messiah‘ of the Rastafari movement, is deposed following a military coup by the Derg, ending a reign of 58 years.
  • 1974 – Juventude Africana Amílcar Cabral is founded in Guinea-Bissau.
  • 1977 – South African anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko dies in police custody.
  • 1980 – Military coup in Turkey.
  • 1983 – A Wells Fargo depot in West Hartford, Connecticut, United States, is robbed of approximately US$7 million by Los Macheteros.
  • 1983 – The USSR vetoes a United Nations Security Council Resolution deploring the Soviet destruction of Korean Air Lines Flight 007.
  • 1984Dwight Gooden sets the baseball record for strikeouts in a season by a rookie with 276, previously set by Herb Score with 246 in 1954. Gooden’s 276 strikeouts that season, pitched in 218 innings, set the current record.
  • 1988Hurricane Gilbert devastates Jamaica; it turns towards Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula two days later, causing an estimated $5 billion in damage.
  • 1990 – The two German states and the Four Powers sign the Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany in Moscow, paving the way for German reunification.
  • 1990 – The Red Cross organizations of mainland China and Taiwan sign Kinmen Agreement on repatriation of illegal immigrants and criminal suspects after two days of talks in Kinmen, Fujian Province in response to the two tragedies in repatriation in the previous two months. It is the first agreement reached by private organizations across the Taiwan Strait.[3]
  • 1992NASA launches Space Shuttle Endeavour on STS-47 which marked the 50th shuttle mission. On board are Mae Carol Jemison, the first African-American woman in space, Mamoru Mohri, the first Japanese citizen to fly in a US spaceship, and Mark Lee and Jan Davis, the first married couple in space.
  • 1992 – Abimael Guzmán, leader of the Shining Path, is captured by Peruvian special forces; shortly thereafter the rest of Shining Path‘s leadership fell as well.
  • 1994Frank Eugene Corder fatally crashes a single-engine Cessna 150 into the White House‘s south lawn, striking the West wing. There were no other casualties.
  • 2001Ansett Australia, Australia’s first commercial interstate airline, collapses due to increased strain on the international airline industry, leaving 10,000 people unemployed.
  • 2003 – The United Nations lifts sanctions against Libya after that country agreed to accept responsibility and recompense the families of victims in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103.
  • 2003 – Iraq War: In Fallujah, U.S. forces mistakenly shoot and kill eight Iraqi police officers.
  • 2005Israeli-Palestinian conflict: the Israeli disengagement from Gaza is completed, leaving some 2,530 homes demolished.[4]
  • 2007 – Former Philippine President Joseph Estrada is convicted of plunder.
  • 2008 – The 2008 Chatsworth train collision in Los Angeles between a Metrolink commuter train and a Union Pacific freight train kills 25 people.
  • 2011 – The National September 11 Memorial & Museum in New York City opens to the public.
  • 2015 – A series of explosions involving propane triggering nearby illegally stored mining detonators in the Indian town of Petlawad in the state of Madhya Pradesh kills at least 105 people with over 150 injured.

Births

  • 1415John de Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk (d. 1461)
  • 1492Lorenzo de’ Medici, Duke of Urbino (d. 1519)
  • 1494Francis I of France (d. 1547)[5]
  • 1552André Schott, Jesuit priest, academic, linguist, translator, editor (d. 1629)
  • 1590María de Zayas, Spanish writer (d. 1661)[6]
  • 1605William Dugdale, English genealogist and historian (d. 1686)
  • 1690Peter Dens, Flemish theologian and academic (d. 1775)
  • 1725Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer (d. 1792)
  • 1736Hsinbyushin, Burmese king (d. 1776)
  • 1739Mary Bosanquet Fletcher, Methodist preacher and philanthropist (d. 1815)
  • 1740Johann Heinrich Jung, German author and academic (d. 1817)
  • 1768Benjamin Carr, English-American singer-songwriter, educator, and publisher (d. 1831)
  • 1797Samuel Joseph May, American activist (d. 1871)
  • 1812Edward Shepherd Creasy, English historian and jurist (d. 1878)
  • 1812 – Richard March Hoe, American engineer and businessman, invented the Rotary printing press (d. 1886)
  • 1818Richard Jordan Gatling, American inventor, invented the Gatling gun (d. 1903)
  • 1818 – Theodor Kullak, German pianist, composer, and educator (d. 1882)
  • 1828William Morgan, English-Australian politician, 14th Premier of South Australia (d. 1883)
  • 1829Anselm Feuerbach, German painter (d. 1880)
  • 1830William Sprague, American businessman and politician, 27th Governor of Rhode Island (d. 1915)
  • 1837Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse (d. 1892)
  • 1852H. H. Asquith, English lawyer and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1928)[7]
  • 1855Simon-Napoléon Parent, Canadian lawyer and politician, 12th Premier of Quebec (d. 1920)
  • 1856Johann Heinrich Beck, American composer and conductor (d. 1924)
  • 1857Manuel Espinosa Batista, Colombian pharmacist and politician (d. 1919)
  • 1862Carl Eytel, German-American painter and illustrator (d. 1925)
  • 1866Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon, English cricketer and politician, 13th Governor General of Canada (d. 1941)
  • 1869Paweł Owerłło, Polish actor (d. 1957)
  • 1875Matsunosuke Onoe, Japanese actor and director (d. 1926)
  • 1880H. L. Mencken, American journalist and critic (d. 1956)
  • 1882Ion Agârbiceanu, Romanian journalist, politician, and archbishop (d. 1963)
  • 1884Martin Klein, Estonian wrestler and coach (d. 1947)
  • 1885Heinrich Hoffmann, German photographer and art dealer (d. 1957)
  • 1888Maurice Chevalier, French actor, singer, and dancer (d. 1972)[8]
  • 1889Ugo Pasquale Mifsud, Maltese politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Malta (d. 1942)
  • 1891Pedro Albizu Campos, Puerto Rican lawyer and politician (d. 1965)
  • 1891 – Jean-François Martial, Belgian actor (d. 1977)
  • 1891 – Arthur Hays Sulzberger, American publisher (d. 1968)
  • 1892Alfred A. Knopf, Sr., American publisher, founded Alfred A. Knopf Inc. (d. 1984)
  • 1894Kyuichi Tokuda, Japanese lawyer and politician (d. 1953)
  • 1894 – Dorothy Maud Wrinch, Argentinian-English mathematician, biochemist and philosopher (d. 1976)[9]
  • 1895Freymóður Jóhannsson, Icelandic painter and composer (d. 1973)
  • 1897Irène Joliot-Curie, French chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1956)[10]
  • 1897 – Walter B. Gibson, American magician and author (d. 1985)
  • 1898Salvador Bacarisse, Spanish composer (d. 1963)
  • 1898 – Alma Moodie, Australian violinist and educator (d. 1943)
  • 1898 – Ben Shahn, Lithuanian-American painter and photographer (d. 1969)
  • 1900Haskell Curry, American mathematician, logician, and academic (d. 1982)
  • 1901Shmuel Horowitz, Israeli agronomist and academic (d. 1999)
  • 1902Juscelino Kubitschek, Brazilian physician and politician, 21st President of Brazil (d. 1976)
  • 1902 – Marya Zaturenska, Ukrainian-American poet and author (d. 1982)[11]
  • 1904István Horthy, Hungarian fighter pilot and deputy regent (d. 1942)
  • 1904 – John Courtney Murray, American priest and theologian (d. 1967)
  • 1904 – Lou Moore, American race car driver (d. 1956)
  • 1905Linda Agostini, English-Australian murder victim (d. 1934)[12]
  • 1907Louis MacNeice, Irish poet and playwright (d. 1963)
  • 1909Donald MacDonald, Canadian trade union leader and politician (d. 1986)
  • 1913Jesse Owens, American sprinter and long jumper (d. 1980)[13]
  • 1914Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani psychoanalyst, poet, and scholar (d. 1988)
  • 1914 – Desmond Llewelyn, Welsh-English soldier and actor (d. 1999)
  • 1916Tony Bettenhausen, American race car driver (d. 1961)
  • 1917Pierre Sévigny, Canadian colonel, academic, and politician (d. 2004)
  • 1917 – Han Suyin, Chinese-Swiss physician and author (d. 2012)
  • 1920Irene Dailey, American actress (d. 2008)
  • 1921Frank McGee, American journalist (d. 1974)
  • 1921 – Stanisław Lem, Ukrainian-Polish philosopher and author (d. 2006)
  • 1921 – Turgut Cansever, Turkish architect, city planner, and thinker (d. 2009)
  • 1922Antonio Cafiero, Argentinian accountant and politician, Governor of Buenos Aires Province (d. 2014)
  • 1922 – Jackson Mac Low, American poet, playwright, and composer (d. 2004)
  • 1922 – Mark Rosenzweig, American psychologist and academic (d. 2009)
  • 1924Amílcar Cabral, Guinea-Bissauan political leader (d. 1973)
  • 1925Stan Lopata, American baseball player (d. 2013)
  • 1925 – Dickie Moore, American actor (d. 2015)
  • 1927Mathé Altéry, French soprano and actress
  • 1928Robert Irwin, American painter and gardener
  • 1928 – Muriel Siebert, American businesswoman and philanthropist (d. 2013)
  • 1928 – Ernie Vandeweghe, Canadian-American basketball player and physician (d. 2014)
  • 1929Harvey Schmidt, American composer and illustrator (d. 2018)
  • 1930Larry Austin, American composer and educator
  • 1931Ian Holm, English actor (d. 2020)
  • 1931 – George Jones, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2013)
  • 1932Atli Dam, Faroese engineer and politician, 5th Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (d. 2005)
  • 1934Glenn Davis, American hurdler, sprinter, and football player (d. 2009)
  • 1934 – Jaegwon Kim, South Korean-American philosopher and academic (d. 2019)
  • 1934 – Nellie Wong, Chinese American poet and activist[14]
  • 1935Richard Hunt, American sculptor
  • 1937George Chuvalo, Canadian boxer
  • 1937 – Wes Hall, Barbadian cricketer and politician
  • 1938Judy Clay, American soul and gospel singer (d. 2001)[15]
  • 1938 – Claude Ruel, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2015)
  • 1938 – Tatiana Troyanos, American operatic soprano (d. 1993)
  • 1939Pablo McNeil, Jamaican track and field sprinter and sprinting coach (d. 2011)
  • 1939 – Phillip Ramey, American pianist and composer
  • 1939 – Henry Waxman, American lawyer and politician
  • 1940Linda Gray, American model and actress
  • 1942Michel Drucker, French journalist
  • 1942 – Tomás Marco, Spanish composer
  • 1942 – François Tavenas, Canadian engineer and academic (d. 2004)
  • 1943Maria Muldaur, American folk and blues singer
  • 1943 – Leonard Peltier, American political activist and convicted criminal
  • 1944Lonnie Mayne, American wrestler (d. 1978)
  • 1944 – Vladimir Spivakov, Russian violinist and conductor
  • 1944 – Barry White, American singer-songwriter (d. 2003)
  • 1945Russell “Jungle Jim” Liberman, American drag racer (d. 1977)[16]
  • 1945 – Milo Manara, Italian author and illustrator
  • 1945 – John Mauceri, American conductor and producer
  • 1946Tony Bellamy, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2009)
  • 1946 – Neil Lyndon, British journalist and writer
  • 1947David Grant, English engineer and academic
  • 1947 – Gerald Howarth, English soldier, pilot, and politician, Minister for International Security Strategy
  • 1947 – Christopher Neame, English actor[17]
  • 1948Steve Turre, American trombonist and educator
  • 1948 – Max Walker, Australian footballer, cricketer, sportscaster, and architect (d. 2016)
  • 1948 – Caio Fernando Abreu, Brazilian writer (d. 1996)
  • 1949Charles Burlingame, American captain and pilot (d. 2001)
  • 1949 – Irina Rodnina, Russian figure skater and politician
  • 1949 – Tony Stevens, English rock bassist and songwriter
  • 1950Marguerite Blais, Canadian journalist and politician
  • 1950 – Gustav Brunner, Austrian engineer
  • 1950 – Bruce Mahler, American actor and screenwriter
  • 1950 – Mike Murphy, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1951Bertie Ahern, Irish accountant and politician, 11th Taoiseach of Ireland
  • 1951 – Norm Dubé, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1951 – Ray Gravell, Welsh rugby player and actor (d. 2007)
  • 1951 – Joe Pantoliano, American actor and producer
  • 1951 – Ali-Ollie Woodson, American singer-songwriter and keyboard player (d. 2010)
  • 1952Gerry Beckley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1952 – Neil Peart, Canadian drummer, songwriter, and producer (d. 2020)
  • 1953Nan Goldin, American photographer
  • 1953 – Fiona Mactaggart, Scottish educator and politician
  • 1954Robert Gober, American sculptor
  • 1954 – Scott Hamilton, American saxophonist
  • 1954 – Peeter Volkonski, Estonian singer-songwriter and actor
  • 1955Brian Smith, English footballer (d. 2013)
  • 1956Barry Andrews, English singer and keyboard player
  • 1956 – Chip Beck, American golfer
  • 1956 – Sam Brownback, American lawyer and politician, 46th Governor of Kansas
  • 1956 – Leslie Cheung, Hong Kong singer-songwriter and actor (d. 2003)
  • 1956 – David Goodhart, English journalist and author
  • 1956 – Ricky Rudd, American race car driver and sportscaster
  • 1956 – Walter Woon, Singaporean lawyer and politician, 7th Attorney-General of Singapore
  • 1957Paul M. Sharp, British academic and educator
  • 1957 – Jan Egeland, Norwegian politician, diplomat and humanitarian
  • 1957 – Rachel Ward, English-Australian actress
  • 1957 – Hans Zimmer, German composer and producer
  • 1958Wilfred Benítez, American boxer
  • 1958 – Gregg Edelman, American actor and singer
  • 1959Scott Brown, American colonel and politician
  • 1959 – Deron Cherry, American football player and sportscaster
  • 1959 – Sigmar Gabriel, German educator and politician, 17th Vice-Chancellor of Germany
  • 1960Evan Jenkins, American academic and politician
  • 1960 – Stefanos Korkolis, Greek pianist and composer
  • 1961Mylène Farmer, Canadian-French singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
  • 1962Sunay Akın, Turkish poet, journalist, and philanthropist
  • 1962 – Amy Yasbeck, American actress
  • 1964Greg Gutfeld, American television journalist and author
  • 1964 – Dieter Hecking, German footballer and manager
  • 1965Einstein Kristiansen, Norwegian animator and producer
  • 1965 – Vernon Maxwell, American basketball player
  • 1965 – Midnight, Jamaican wrestler
  • 1966 – Ben Folds, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
  • 1966 – Vezio Sacratini, Canadian ice hockey player
  • 1967Louis C.K., American comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1967 – Pat Listach, American baseball player, coach, and manager
  • 1968Larry LaLonde, American guitarist and songwriter
  • 1968 – Nicholas Russell, 6th Earl Russell, English politician (d. 2014)
  • 1968 – Richard Snell, South African cricketer and physiotherapist
  • 1968 – Paul F. Tompkins, American comedian, actor, and writer
  • 1969Max Boot, Russian-American historian and author
  • 1969 – Ángel Cabrera, Argentinian golfer
  • 1969 – James Frey, American author and screenwriter
  • 1969 – Shigeki Maruyama, Japanese golfer
  • 1970Nathan Larson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1971Younes El Aynaoui, Moroccan tennis player
  • 1971 – Shocker, Mexican wrestler
  • 1972Gideon Emery, English-American actor, producer, and screenwriter
  • 1972 – Paul Green, Australian rugby league player and coach
  • 1972 – Sidney Souza, Brazilian footballer
  • 1973Tarana Burke, American civil rights activist
  • 1973 – Kara David, Filipino journalist and documentarian
  • 1973 – Martina Ertl-Renz, German skier
  • 1973 – Martin Lapointe, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
  • 1973 – Paul Walker, American actor and producer (d. 2013)
  • 1974Caroline Aigle, French soldier and pilot (d. 2007)
  • 1974 – Jennifer Nettles, American singer-songwriter
  • 1974 – Guy Smith, English race car driver
  • 1974 – Kenichi Suzumura, Japanese voice actor and singer-songwriter
  • 1974 – Nuno Valente, Portuguese footballer and coach
  • 1975Luis Castillo, Dominican baseball player
  • 1975 – Bill Kirby, Australian swimmer and coach
  • 1976Maciej Żurawski, Polish footballer
  • 1977Nathan Bracken, Australian cricketer
  • 1977 – Grant Denyer, Australian race car driver and journalist
  • 1977 – Jeff Irwin, American singer-songwriter and producer
  • 1977 – David Thompson, English footballer
  • 1978Elisabetta Canalis, Italian model and actress
  • 1978 – Benjamin McKenzie, American actor
  • 1978 – Ruben Studdard, American R&B, pop, and gospel singer
  • 1980Sean Burroughs, American baseball player
  • 1980 – Fernando César de Souza, Brazilian footballer
  • 1980 – Yao Ming, Chinese basketball player
  • 1980 – Hiroyuki Sawano, Japanese composer
  • 1980 – Kevin Sinfield, English rugby player
  • 1980 – Josef Vašíček, Czech ice hockey player (d. 2011)
  • 1981Marty Adams, Canadian actor and screenwriter
  • 1981 – Alan Arruda, Brazilian footballer
  • 1981 – Jennifer Hudson, American singer and actress
  • 1981 – Staciana Stitts, American swimmer
  • 1982Zoran Planinić, Croatian basketball player
  • 1982 – Sal Rinauro, American wrestler
  • 1983Tom Geißler, German footballer
  • 1983 – Rami Haikal, Jordanian guitarist
  • 1983 – Sebastian Hofmann, German footballer
  • 1983 – Daniel Muir, American football player
  • 1983 – Sergio Parisse, Argentinian-Italian rugby player
  • 1983 – Clayton Richard, American baseball player
  • 1983 – Carly Smithson, Irish singer-songwriter
  • 1984Nashat Akram, Iraqi footballer
  • 1984 – Chelsea Carey, Canadian curler
  • 1986Kamila Chudzik, Polish heptathlete
  • 1986 – Akwasi Fobi-Edusei, English footballer
  • 1986 – Joanne Jackson, English swimmer
  • 1986 – Yuto Nagatomo, Japanese footballer
  • 1986 – Dimitrios Regas, Greek sprinter
  • 1986 – Alfie Allen, English actor[18]
  • 1986 – Emmy Rossum, American singer and actress
  • 1988Amanda Jenssen, Swedish singer-songwriter and guitarist
  • 1989Freddie Freeman, American-Canadian baseball player
  • 1989 – Andrew Luck, American football player
  • 1991Thomas Meunier, Belgian footballer
  • 1991 – Mike Towell, Scottish professional boxer (d. 2016)
  • 1991 – Scott Wootton, English footballer
  • 1992Connor Franta, American YouTube personality
  • 1992 – Sviatlana Pirazhenka, Belarusian tennis player
  • 1993Kelsea Ballerini, American singer-songwriter
  • 1994Gideon Jung, German footballer
  • 1994 – RM, South Korean rapper, songwriter and record producer[19]
  • 1994 – Elina Svitolina, Ukrainian tennis player
  • 1995Steven Gardiner, Bahamian sprinter[20]
  • 1995 – Ryan Potter, American actor

Deaths

  • 640Sak K’uk’, Mayan queen
  • 973Nefingus, bishop of Angers
  • 1185Andronikos I Komnenos, Byzantine emperor (b. 1118)
  • 1213Peter II of Aragon (b. 1174)
  • 1362Pope Innocent VI (b. 1295)
  • 1368Blanche of Lancaster (b. 1345/1347)
  • 1439Sidi El Houari, Algerian imam (b. 1350)
  • 1500Albert III, Duke of Saxony (b. 1443)
  • 1544Clément Marot, French poet (b. 1496)
  • 1612Vasili IV of Russia (b. 1552)
  • 1642Henri Coiffier de Ruzé, Marquis of Cinq-Mars, French conspirator (b. 1620)
  • 1660Jacob Cats, Dutch poet, jurist, and politician (b. 1577)
  • 1665Jean Bolland, Belgian priest and hagiographer (b. 1596)
  • 1672Tanneguy Le Fèvre, French scholar and author (b. 1615)
  • 1674Nicolaes Tulp, Dutch anatomist and politician (b. 1593)
  • 1683Afonso VI of Portugal (b. 1643)
  • 1712Jan van der Heyden, Dutch painter and illustrator (b. 1637)
  • 1764Jean-Philippe Rameau, French composer and theorist (b. 1683)
  • 1779Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire (b. 1711)
  • 1810Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet, English banker and politician (b. 1740)
  • 1814Robert Ross, Irish general (b. 1766)
  • 1819Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Prussian general (b. 1742)
  • 1836Christian Dietrich Grabbe, German playwright (b. 1801)
  • 1869Peter Mark Roget, English physician, theologian, and lexicographer (b. 1779)
  • 1870Eleanora Atherton, English philanthropist (b. 1782)[21]
  • 1870 – Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American journalist, explorer, and author (b. 1836)
  • 1874François Guizot, French historian and politician, 22nd Prime Minister of France (b. 1787)
  • 1903Duncan Gillies, Scottish-Australian businessman and politician, 14th Premier of Victoria (b. 1834)
  • 1907Ilia Chavchavadze, Georgian poet, journalist, and lawyer (b. 1837)
  • 1912Pierre-Hector Coullié, French cardinal (b. 1829)
  • 1918George Reid, Australian accountant and politician, 4th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1845)
  • 1919Leonid Andreyev, Russian author and playwright (b. 1871)
  • 1923Jules Violle, French physicist and academic (b. 1841)
  • 1927Sarah Frances Whiting, American physicist and astronomer (b. 1847)
  • 1942Valentine Baker, Welsh co-founder of the Martin-Baker Aircraft Company (b. 1888)
  • 1945Hajime Sugiyama, Japanese field marshal and politician, 44th Japanese Minister of War (b. 1880)
  • 1949Erik Adolf von Willebrand, Finnish physician (b. 1870)
  • 1953James Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Abercorn, English politician, Governor of Northern Ireland (b. 1869)
  • 1953 – Hugo Schmeisser, German engineer (b. 1884)
  • 1953 – Lewis Stone, American actor (b. 1879)
  • 1956Sándor Festetics, Hungarian politician, Hungarian Minister of War (b. 1882)
  • 1961Carl Hermann, German physicist and academic (b. 1898)
  • 1962Spot Poles, American baseball player and soldier (b. 1887)
  • 1962 – Rangeya Raghav, Indian author and playwright (b. 1923)
  • 1967Vladimir Bartol, Italian-Slovene author and playwright (b. 1903)
  • 1968Tommy Armour, Scottish-American golfer and journalist (b. 1894)
  • 1971Walter Egan, American golfer (b. 1881)
  • 1972William Boyd, American actor and producer (b. 1895)
  • 1977Steve Biko, South African activist (b. 1946)
  • 1977 – Les Haylen, Australian journalist and politician (b. 1898)
  • 1977 – Robert Lowell, American poet (b. 1917)
  • 1978William Hudson, New Zealand-Australian engineer (b. 1896)
  • 1981Eugenio Montale, Italian poet, essayist and translator, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1896)
  • 1982Federico Moreno Torroba, Spanish composer and conductor (b. 1891)
  • 1986Jacques Henri Lartigue, French painter and photographer (b. 1894)
  • 1986 – Charlotte Wolff, German-English psychotherapist and physician (b. 1897)
  • 1987John Qualen, Canadian-American actor (b. 1899)
  • 1990Athene Seyler, English actress (b. 1889)
  • 1991Bruce Matthews, Canadian general and businessman (b. 1909)
  • 1992Anthony Perkins, American actor, singer, and director (b. 1932)
  • 1993Raymond Burr, Canadian-American actor and director (b. 1917)
  • 1994Tom Ewell, American actor (b. 1909)
  • 1994 – Boris Yegorov, Russian physician and astronaut (b. 1937)
  • 1995Jeremy Brett, English actor (b. 1933)
  • 1995 – Yasutomo Nagai, Japanese motorcycle racer (b. 1965)
  • 1996Ernesto Geisel, Brazilian general and politician, 29th President of Brazil (b. 1907)
  • 1997Judith Merril, American-Canadian science fiction writer, editor and political activist (b. 1923)
  • 1999Bill Quackenbush, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (b. 1922)
  • 2000Stanley Turrentine, American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader (b. 1934)
  • 2003Johnny Cash, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1932)
  • 2005Serge Lang, French-American mathematician, author and academic (b. 1927)
  • 2007Bobby Byrd, American singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1934)
  • 2008Bob Quinn, Australian footballer and coach (b. 1915)
  • 2008 – David Foster Wallace, American novelist, short story writer, and essayist (b. 1962)
  • 2009Norman Borlaug, American agronomist and humanitarian, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1914)
  • 2009 – Jack Kramer, American tennis player and sportscaster (b. 1921)
  • 2009 – Willy Ronis, French photographer and author (b. 1910)
  • 2010Claude Chabrol, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1930)
  • 2010 – Giulio Zignoli, Italian footballer (b. 1946)
  • 2011Alexander Galimov, Russian ice hockey player (b. 1985)
  • 2012Arkadii Dragomoshchenko, Russian poet and author (b. 1946)
  • 2012 – Jon Finlayson, Australian actor and screenwriter (b. 1938)
  • 2012 – Derek Jameson, English journalist and broadcaster (b. 1929)
  • 2012 – Tom Sims, American skateboarder and snowboarder, founded Sims Snowboards (b. 1950)
  • 2013Ray Dolby, American engineer and businessman, founded Dolby Laboratories (b. 1933)
  • 2013 – Warren Giese, American football player, coach, and politician (b. 1924)
  • 2013 – Erich Loest, German author and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  • 2013 – Candace Pert, American neuroscientist and pharmacologist (b. 1946)
  • 2014Atef Ebeid, Egyptian academic and politician, 47th Prime Minister of Egypt (b. 1932)
  • 2014 – John Gustafson, English singer-songwriter and bass player (b. 1942)
  • 2014 – Ian Paisley, Northern Irish evangelical pastor (Free Presbyterian Church) and politician, 2nd First Minister of Northern Ireland (b. 1926)
  • 2014 – Joe Sample, American pianist and composer (b. 1939)
  • 2014 – Hugh Royer, Jr., American golfer (b. 1936)
  • 2015Claudia Card, American philosopher and academic (b. 1940)
  • 2015 – Frank D. Gilroy, American playwright and screenwriter (b. 1925)
  • 2015 – Al Monchak, American baseball player and coach (b. 1917)
  • 2015 – Aronda Nyakairima, Ugandan general and politician (b. 1959)
  • 2017Allan MacEachen, Canadian economist and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1921)
  • 2017 – Edith Windsor, American LGBT rights activist and technology manager at IBM (b. 1929)
  • 2018Shen Chun-shan, Taiwanese academic (b. 1932)[22]
  • 2019ʻAkilisi Pōhiva, Tongan politician and activist, Prime Minister of Tonga (b. 1941)[23]

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